Every year thousands of people realize their dreams of becoming Permanent Residence within Canada and there is no reason you cannot be among them. The immigration streams under the permanent residence category allow one to live, work and study in Canada on a permanent basis, to further pursue their Canadian Citizenship.

It is important to determine which immigration stream would be best suited for you in order to avoid a denied application. It is for this reason why it is highly recommended that you seek the counsel of an experienced Immigration Consultant to navigate the logistical hurdles often encountered by novices.

Express Entry

Express Entry is an online system created in 2015 to manage applications for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents of Canada. It allows eligible candidates to submit a profile directly online. Upon receiving an ITA, eligible candidates with their immediate family members can then submit a complete application for Canadian permanent residence, which will be processed within six months. The Express Entry provides applicants with multiple pathway for coming to Canada depending on their education, experience, language, age, skills, and adaptability.

Federal Skilled Worker

To become a permanent resident through the Federal Skilled Workers Program, you must first meet the minimum requirements for work experience, language ability, and education.Work experience must be a year of full-time or equivalent part-time paid work in the same job within the last 10 years, and the job must be of skill type 0 or skill levels A or B of the 2011 National Occupational Classification. The language requirements include proof of Canadian Language Benchmark 7 in the form of CIC-approved language test results from within the last two years. For education, applicants need either a Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree, or a completed foreign credential and an assessment of that credential from a CIC-approved agency that shows that the completed education is equivalent to a comparable Canadian credential.

Applications are also assessed based on federal skilled worker points. CIC will assign points based on the following factors:

  • skills in English and/or French
  • education
  • work experience
  • age
  • valid job offer from an employer
  • the applicant’s adaptability to live in Canada

Federal Trade Worker

Skilled workers applying under the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) must fulfill minimum work experience and language ability requirements.

Work experience must include at least two years of full-time work experience (or equivalent part-time work experience) within the last five years in a skilled trade. Applicants must also show that they have experience performing the duties for an eligible skilled trade outlined by the National Occupation Classification (NOC) in Major Group 72, 72, 82, or 92, or Minor Group 632 or 633.

The Language requirements for this program is Canadian Language Benchmark of 5 for speaking and listening, and CLB of 4 for reading and writing. It must be a valid, satisfactory results from a CIC-approved language testing organization.

Applicants must also have either an offer of full-time employment for a full year minimum or be certified in their skilled trade by a Canadian provincial or territorial authority. Individual provinces /territories have specific requirements regarding trades qualifications and the process for assessment, so finding out how the program works in the province/territory where you wish to live is important.

Canadian Experience Class

To be eligible under the Canada Experience Class, CEC specifies that you must meet the minimum work experience and language ability requirements.

Minimum work experience is 12 months of skilled work experience (or equivalent part-time) in Canada, with the proper authorisation, within the three years prior to applying for CEC. This work must fit the requirements of the National Occupation Classification for one of the following: managerial jobs (NOC skill level 0), professional jobs (NOC skill type A), or technical jobs and skilled trades (NOC skill type B). The applicant must also be able to demonstrate that their work experience includes having fulfilled the duties detailed by the NOC.

Minimum language levels are Canadian Language Benchmark 7 for NOC 0 or A jobs or Canadian Language Benchmark 5 for NOC B jobs, with results proven by a CIC-approved language test.